What is spinal fusion?

Amir Ahmadian, MD from Medical Center of Trinity explains spinal fusion. Watch this video to learn more.
William W. Brooks, MD
Orthopedic Surgery
When pain and numbness in the neck aren't responding to conservative treatment, your doctor may recommend spinal fusion. In this video, orthopaedic surgeon William White Brooks, MD, of Coliseum Medical Centers, explains the benefits of spinal fusion.
Alvin S. Haynes Jr., MD
Internal Medicine
Spinal fusion is a procedure used to treat disk degeneration, a problem that occurs when the cushiony disk between two bones of your back (vertebrae) wears down, causing pain. Alvin Haynes, MD, of Regional Medical Center of San Jose, explains more. 
Spinal fusion refers to surgery that connects two or more vertebrae to eliminate motion that causes pain. During spinal fusion, the surgeon places bone or a bone-like material within the space between two spinal vertebrae. Metal plates, screws and rods can be used to hold the vertebrae together. The bone material acts like a bridge between vertebrae that are next to each other. This bone graft helps new bone grow.

Fusion is considered for patients with excessive motion in a vertebral section that causes severe pain or diminishes everyday function. Conditions that are treated by a spinal fusion surgery include:
  • Degenerative disc disease.
  • Weak or unstable spine caused by infections, tumors or other causes.
  • Fractures
  • Scoliosis
  • Deformity
Romesh Nalliah
Spinal fusion is a surgical process that bonds vertebrae together. It is done to stop movement in those vertebrae and is necessitated when movement is painful and cannot be controlled with pain relieving medication.
Dr. Mehmet Oz, MD
Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease)
Spinal fusion is a surgical procedure in which two or more vertebrae in the spine are joined together with bone grafts, screws, and rods so that the fused area of the spine becomes immobilized. Watch this video on the procedure.

Continue Learning about Spinal Fusion

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.