Advertisement

What is albinism?

Dr. Mehmet Oz, MD
Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease)
Albinism is a condition that results in the body failing to produce the pigment melanin. As a result, the skin, hair, and eyes have little to no color.
Albinism is a genetic disorder in which the body produces too little melanin, a pigment that creates hair, skin, and eye color. Because melanin protects the skin from the sun's harmful UVA/UVB (ultraviolet) rays, people with albinism are sensitive to the sun and are prone to sunburns and skin cancer.

People with albinism often have problems with their eyesight; the degree of vision problems people experience varies. Along with some of the rarer types of albinism, there are two syndromes called Hermansky-Pudlak and Chediak-Higashi syndromes. These syndromes can cause further health issues, such as low immunity and bleeding.

Continue Learning about Skin Disorders

Hidradenitis Suppurativa: Mental and Emotional Health
Hidradenitis Suppurativa: Mental and Emotional Health
Hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is a chronic skin condition that causes inflamed, painful, boil-like lumps called lesions to form under the skin. Oftent...
Read More
What questions should I ask a dermatologist?
Patricia Farris, MDPatricia Farris, MD
As dermatology has become more popular we are seeing more dermatology imposters. This is very troubl...
More Answers
All-Access Guide to Five Common Skin Conditions
All-Access Guide to Five Common Skin ConditionsAll-Access Guide to Five Common Skin ConditionsAll-Access Guide to Five Common Skin ConditionsAll-Access Guide to Five Common Skin Conditions
Get to the root of common skin disorders, including triggers, treatment and more. 
Start Slideshow
What Causes Age Spots?
What Causes Age Spots?

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.