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How is albinism diagnosed?

Dr. Mehmet Oz, MD
Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease)
Albinism is diagnosed by a physician through a complete physical exam, an eye exam, and a series of interviews. Often pigmentation is compared with that of other, older family members as well.

Albinism is usually diagnosed in infants or children, although people are diagnosed later in life, too. Through a physical exam, a doctor will look for changes in skin, eye, and hair color and ask specific questions about family history, called a pigment history, to see if the individual has lighter coloring than the majority of family members.

Eye doctors may perform an exam to look for a child's eyes shifting quickly and involuntarily (nystagmus), tracking problems as well as sensitivity to light.

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