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Sun spots are areas of damaged skin that occur as a result of your body's defense mechanism against the sun. When exposed to UV rays, your skin produces more pigment (melanin), making it darker. This layer of dark skin forms to protect the deeper layers from further damage. When the higher level of pigment bunches together instead of spreading out evenly, the result is freckles, splotches and spots.
Use a sunscreen and wear protective clothing to safeguard your skin from the sun's harmful rays.
Sun spots are often called age spots, but you don't have to be old to get them, says dermatologist Dr. Jordana Gilman. To find out why even young people might see spots -- and how to prevent them -- watch this video.
Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.