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How is Kaposi sarcoma treated?

Diana Meeks
Diana Meeks on behalf of Sigma Nursing
Family Practitioner

A wide variety of treatment options are available for Kaposi sarcoma, depending on the locations of the lesions and the underlying medical condition of the person affected. If a person just has a few small lesions, doctors may recommend surgical removal of the tumors, or cryosurgery (freezing the tumors with liquid nitrogen) may be recommended. In other cases, chemotherapy may be used. For people with just a few lesions, chemotherapy drugs may be injected right into the lesions. If the cancer has spread, chemotherapy drugs may be given by mouth or intravenously to kill cancer cells. A similar treatment, biologic therapy or immunotherapy, uses drugs that encourage the immune system to kill cancer cells. Sometimes, doctors may treat Kaposi sarcoma with radiation therapy, which uses doses of high-energy radiation to destroy cancerous cells. If people have an underlying immune problem such as HIV or AIDS that's causing Kaposi sarcoma, the most important treatment is to address that immune condition, because that often helps the Kaposi sarcoma as well.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.