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How can birth-control pills help with cramps as a teen?

Tyler S. Carroll, MD
Family Medicine

Birth control pills are hormonal pills usually containing estrogen and progesterone that can control your menstrual cycle and block ovulation. This causes thinning of the uterine lining over time and less prostaglandin production. These effects result in less uterine muscle contraction and usually less menstrual flow = less cramps and often lighter periods. Most girls with bad menstrual cramps report good improvement with birth control pills. Heat applied to the pelvis and anti-inflammatory medicine are also helpful in relieving cramps from periods.

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