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What is early onset scoliosis?

Scoliosis is a musculoskeletal condition that primarily affects children and adolescents in which there is an abnormal lateral curvature of the spine, causing the spinal column to bend to the left or right. There are two types of scoliosis: Early onset scoliosis is idiopathic, which means the causes for it are not known. Early onset scoliosis occurs before the age of five, and generally affects boys more often than girls. Patients with early onset scoliosis can develop a severe, complex spinal deformity that distorts and reduces the volume of the thorax or chest area that can compromise respiratory function and be life threatening. Adolescent idiopathic scoliosis occurs at age 10 or older, and may begin at puberty or during a growth spurt. With adolescent idiopathic scoliosis, girls are at a higher risk than boys.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.