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What are the different types of schizophrenia?

Dr. Michael Roizen, MD
Internal Medicine

Since there are a wide range of symptoms that people with schizophrenia experience, researchers have classified five subtypes of schizophrenia to make it easier to treat. Don’t worry, though, being classified into a subtype is not like getting a horrible nickname on the playground or the halls of your middle school that you can never live down. You won’t necessarily have that label for the rest of time. Your symptoms can change over time, so it’s not uncommon to swap sub-types.

The five subtypes are:

• catatonic -- associated with mainly physical symptoms that affect
  movement

• disorganized -- associated with disorganized and often difficult to
  understand speech and behavior

• paranoid -- associated with delusions and auditory hallucinations

• residual -- associated with people who have had past schizophrenic
  episodes, but currently are asymptomatic

• undifferentiated -- the catchall subtype; it’s associated with
  symptoms seen in all of the other subtypes.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.