Antipsychotic drugs work by blocking certain receptors in the brain, reducing psychotic symptoms. All of the antipsychotics block dopamine receptors, and atypical (second-generation) antipsychotics also block serotonin receptors. For some time, the second-generation medications were thought to be the most effective, but recent studies have shown that this may not be true. Unfortunately, the most effective drug at treating psychosis, clozapine, also has a serious side effect that requires frequent blood tests and monitoring by a physician. For this reason, many doctors do not prescribe the drug.
- Q How do medications treat schizophrenia?
- Q Can group therapy help people with schizophrenia?
- Q What is Hearts & Minds therapy for schizophrenia?
- Q What is drug and alcohol treatment for people with schizophrenia?
- Q How does schizophrenia treatment differ across countries?
- Q How can community-based programs help me if I have schizophrenia?