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Is schizophrenia a spectrum disorder?

Mark Moronell, MD
Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease)
There are several mental health conditions that are categorized as schizophrenia spectrum disorders. Some of the disorders included in this grouping are:

• Schizophrenia
• Childhood schizophrenia (also called early onset schizophrenia)
• Schizoaffective disorder
• Schizoid personality disorder
• Schizotypal personality disorder

Each of these conditions contains some of the features found in people with schizophrenia, although all of these disorders differ in some significant way. For instance, early onset schizophrenia often include many of the same characteristics of schizophrenia, but it is only diagnosed in children. Both of the schizophrenia spectrum personality disorders are included in this grouping because the risk factors for these conditions appear similar to the risk factors for schizophrenia, even though they don't cause all of the symptoms of schizophrenia.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.