What are the types of rosacea?

Dr. Mehmet Oz, MD
Cardiology (Cardiovascular Disease)
There are four subtypes of rosacea, and each has slightly different symptoms. People with rosacea may have symptoms of only one subtype, or they may have symptoms of more than one subtype at the same time. As the condition progresses, one subtype may evolve into another, according to the National Rosacea Society. Symptoms of the different types of rosacea are:
  • Subtype one: flushing and persistent redness and possibly visible blood vessels
  • Subtype two: persistent redness with bumps and pimples
  • Subtype three: skin thickening, possibly including enlargement of the nose (rhinophyma)
  • Subtype four: eye symptoms including redness, dryness, and a gritty feeling in the eye, as well as possibly eyelid swelling and tenderness and possibly damage to the cornea of the eye
Dr. Doris Day, MD
There are four types of rosacea. The mildest type simply consists of occasional redness of the face, especially the forehead, central face and chin. In the second type, there is lasting redness with broken blood vessels, called telangiectasia, and red bumps that look like acne. In a more severe, third type of rosacea, there can be deeper cystic lesions that can be painful and lead to scarring. In the fourth type, more common in men, there is overgrowth of sebaceous glands (oil-producing glands) of the nose leading to a bulbous nose. WC Fields had this. There is not necessarily a progression from one stage to the next. Rosacea can start anywhere and stay there or it can worsen or improve based on triggers and treatment.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.