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How does whole-lung lavage treat pulmonary alveolar proteinosis?

Pulmonary alveolar proteinosis (PAP) is a serious lung condition that afflicts people of all ages, genders and ethnicities. Daily medication is used for symptomatic treatment, but people typically need to have a treatment called whole-lung lavage from time to time. Whole-lung lavage is a therapeutic "washing out" of the lungs. This treatment is performed under general anesthesia and results in a comprehensive removal of surfactant-the substance responsible for disease symptoms.

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