What diseases occur as epidemics?

The term epidemic is generally used to refer to a marked increase in the incidence of cases and/or rate of spread of an infectious disease that is endemic to a particular area or population. Historically, bacterial diseases such as anthrax, bubonic plague, and cholera were prominent causes of infectious disease epidemics. Today, viral diseases such as AIDS, SARS, and various forms of influenza are widely reported causes of infectious disease epidemics. Other non-infectious diseases are sometimes referred to in epidemic terms.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.