How is premature rupture of membranes (PROM) treated?

Preterm premature rupture of membranes (PPROM) refers to breakage of the membranes (also known as the "amniotic sac" or "bag of waters") before 36 weeks. If this happens, you will stay in the hospital on bed rest until the birth of your baby.

The length of time a pregnancy can be prolonged after membrane rupture varies greatly. Your temperature will be watched, and the staff will note any flulike signs of impending infection. Vaginal exams will be discontinued, to decrease the chance of infection that might trigger preterm delivery. A speculum exam may be performed occasionally to look at your cervix and possibly take cultures. Regular ultrasound exams and biophysical profiles will be used to assess the baby's condition. Amniocentesis may be done to check for fetal lung maturity and infections. Antibiotics may be given or steroids to help mature the baby's lungs if preterm delivery is anticipated.

You will be given no medications to prevent contractions, and if labor starts, it will not be stopped with medication. When it is determined the baby's lungs are mature, your physician will induce labor.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.