How does premature birth cause infant hypocalcemia?

Premature birth can cause hypocalcemia, since it interrupts the transfer of calcium and phosphorus from the placenta to the baby. In this video, George Emerson, MD, of West Hills Hospital, explains the treatment for infant hypocalcemia.

Infants born premature may have underdeveloped parathyroid glands. The hormone these glands produce regulates levels of calcium in the blood. Premature birth can cause hypocalcemia because underdeveloped parathyroid glands are unable to produce adequate amounts of parathyroid hormone to regulate infant blood calcium levels.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.