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What is narcissistic personality disorder?

Narcissistic personality disorder is part of the Cluster B group of personality disorders in the DSM 5 (Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders, version 5, of the American Psychiatric Association). This group is characterized by dramatic, erratic, and overly emotional behavior and thinking. People with this disorder believe themselves superior to others and often exaggerate their own value and importance. They have a need for admiration and disregard the feelings and emotions of others. They feel they should be praised, should never have to wait, and have fantasies about success and achievement. They are sensitive to failure, criticism, and defeat, which often enrages or depresses them. Others often find them offensive, self-centered, and arrogant.

Narcissistic personality disorder is a persistent pattern of grandiosity, hypersensitivity to the evaluation of others, and lack of empathy that begins early in adulthood and is present in a variety of contexts.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.