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How do other illnesses affect necrotizing periodontitis?

Necrotizing periodontitis is often seen in individuals with compromised immune systems such as those with HIV/AIDS. Existing infections in the mouth or throat can progress into necrotizing periodontitis if left untreated. Both Type 1 and Type 2 diabetes are risk factors for gum infections, especially if the patient does not carefully monitor blood sugar levels. Sometimes when the necrotizing periodontitis is cured, the individual is better able to control their blood sugar.

Several illnesses and their treatments can make a person more vulnerable to developing necrotizing periodontitis. Necrotizing periodontitis is a serious form of gum disease that worsens rapidly and can cause intense pain, bleeding, and other symptoms. People whose immune systems are not working adequately due to disease or drug therapy are at greater risk for necrotizing periodontitis. Some examples include:
  • people with the HIV/AIDS infection
  • people undergoing treatment with immune-suppressing drugs, such as organ-transplant patients
  • people suffering from malnutrition, or a diet that is too low in nutrients
If you develop pain, bleeding, or any other changes in your gums, see your dentist as soon as possible.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.