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How does aggressive periodontitis affect pregnancy?

Female hormones are a risk factor in developing periodontal conditions, with the most significant impact occurring as a result of pregnancy. Most pregnant women develop pregnancy gingivitis, yet its impact on healthy pregnant women is often mild, especially if women are diligent about oral hygiene during their pregnancies.

However, women with pre-existing periodontitis should seek treatment to prevent progression of the condition. Bacterial infections that cause aggressive periodontitis also trigger inflammation in other functions of the body and may result in complications in pregnancy. Managing aggressive periodontitis before and during pregnancy may lower the risk of premature delivery and low infant birth weight.
Aggressive periodontitis -- a condition that quickly causes gums to pull away from teeth -- can cause pregnancy complications, including premature birth or low birth weight. With aggressive periodontitis, the unchecked bacteria growing in your mouth can travel in your bloodstream to other organs, and to your unborn baby. Talk to your dentist about ways to prevent or treat aggressive periodontitis during pregnancy. 

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.