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How do other illnesses affect periodontitis?

Gingivitis is another gum disease that is more common and less serious than periodontitis. Gingivitis is the first step on the way to periodontitis. If you have gingivitis, follow your dentist's recommendation for avoiding periodontitis.

Other diseases may worsen periodontitis (gum disease). People with diabetes are more susceptible to infection, and this includes infection of their gums. Osteoporosis (a condition in which bones become brittle) may increase the risk of bone loss in people with periodontitis. Diseases that cause inflammation elsewhere in the body may worsen the inflammation involved in periodontitis. In many cases, these relationships go in both directions, with periodontitis worsening other diseases as well as being worsened by them. 

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.