What causes gum recession?

Gum recession can be caused by many factors. The main culprit is your own anatomy. Some people have thin tissue and bone and the roots of their teeth are prominent. Over time with normal function and brushing recession can occur.

Many people have recession because they have underlying periodontal disease. This causes bone loss. Once the bone that holds in the teeth is reduced, the gum tissue will start to recede.
There are a few different factors that may cause gum recession. One of the most common is actually overzealous brushing. If you brush too hard or too often you could actually be doing more harm than good. Most dentists recommend gently brushing your teeth twice a day. Some people also experience gum recession as a natural part of aging, but more severe cases tend to be caused by some type of injury to your gums or gingivitis. There is evidence to suggest that genetics may play a role as well. If your parents had thin gum tissue, you probably do as well and that puts you at higher risk of gum recession. Another common cause of gum recession is an irregularly located tooth. This is often the culprit when gum recession is seen in young children.

Continue Learning about Periodontitis


If you leave gingivitis untreated, it may spread to the ligaments and bones below the gums, becoming periodontitis. The bacterial inflammation causes teeth to lose support. Eventually the teeth will become loose and fall out. Some...

times the infection becomes so severe that it can cause a tooth abscess. This can be quite painful. Antibiotics can help, and treatment for the general condition includes cleaning and improved oral hygiene.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.