What risk factors contribute to periodontal and heart disease?

Carol Jahn

Heart disease and periodontal disease share some common risk factors such as smoking, diabetes, and obesity. Smoking is the number one risk factor for periodontal disease and a strong risk factor for heart disease. Diabetes increases the risk for both periodontal disease and heart disease. New research is indicating that people who are obese are also more likely to have gum disease. Being obese put more stress on the heart leading to cardiovascular disease.

The risk factors that are shared by both periodontal disease and heart disease include the following:
  • Older age
  • Being male
  • Cigarette smoking
  • Diabetes (type 1 or 2)
  • Low income
The complex relationship between periodontal disease and heart disease is not completely understand.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.