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How is bone surgery for gum disease performed?

If bone has been destroyed by periodontal disease, an infection that affects the tissues and bone that support teeth, bone surgery may be needed to rebuild or reshape bone destroyed by periodontal disease. Splints, bite guards or other appliances may be used to hold loose teeth in place and to help tissues heal. If too much gum or bone tissue has been lost, a gum or bone graft may be performed.

Sometimes a membrane layer is placed at the surgical area to help the gum tissue stay in place while the tooth root re-attaches to the supporting ligament. This is called guided tissue regeneration. After healing, the membrane dissolves or is removed. After surgery, the dentist may apply a protective dressing over teeth and gums and a special mouthrinse may be recommended or prescribed. An antibiotic and pain reliever also may be prescribed.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.