Parts of the Muscular System
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Your deltoids, commonly referred to as the "delts,” are the muscles of the shoulder that sit just above your biceps where the arm connects to the body. The deltoid muscle is composed of 3 separate muscle divisions and resembles the shape of a triangle, which is how it got its name; delta means triangle in Greek. The anterior division, often referred to as the anterior deltoid, is located on the front of your shoulder just above the chest muscles. The middle division, often referred to as the medial deltoid, is located on the outside aspect of your shoulder. The posterior division, often referred to as the posterior deltoid, is located on the backside of the shoulder joint. Not each of the divisions of the deltoid are challenged with the same movements or exercises. Typically, the anterior and middle divisions of the deltoid will be emphasized during pressing movements/exercises to the front of the body and over the head, such as chest presses or dumbbell shoulder presses as well as during leverage movements such as flyes, front raises, lateral raises, and scaptions. The posterior division of the deltoid will be emphasized during pulling movements such as rows, pull-ups, pull-downs, and leverage movements like arm abduction (moving the arms from center away from the body), ball combo 1, and ball combo 2.