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How do medications treat parasitic gastrointestinal infection?

Anti-parasite drugs can be roughly divided into two groups - luminal agents and tissue agents. Luminal agents are poorly absorbed from the intestine, and therefore, stay in the lumen of the intestine. Luminal agents are used for the eradication of immature parasites inside the bowel. Tissue agents are distributed through the blood and reach effective concentrations in soft tissue and organs such as the liver. Metronidazole is available in oral and intravenous forms and works by killing the actual parasites. It is probably the most widely used anti-parasitic drug.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.