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How do medications treat paranoid schizophrenia?

Medications are an important part of treatment for paranoid schizophrenia. The antipsychotic drugs used to treat paranoid schizophrenia are designed to minimize the symptoms. First-generation antipsychotics affect certain brain chemicals and help reduce symptoms. People who take the medication tend to have fewer delusions or hallucinations. However, they may have significant side effects. Second-generation antipsychotics also help manage symptoms and tend to have fewer side effects. Some people with paranoid schizophrenia may also receive other medications like antidepressants or anti-anxiety drugs. These medications can treat additional mental problems that people with paranoid schizophrenia may have.

Donna Hill Howes, RN
Family Medicine
Medications that treat paranoid schizophrenia are called antipsychotics. They can be divided into two main categories: atypical (newer) antipsychotics and typical (older/conventional) antipsychotics. They all are thought to work by affecting the chemical balance within the brain. The brain chemical messengers (or neurotransmitters) dopamine and serotonin are affected by these drugs. Changing the balance of these chemicals in the brain can help reduce the symptoms of paranoid schizophrenia.

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