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What are the stages of pancreatic cancer?

Stage 0 pancreatic cancer, also known as carcinoma in situ, is the earliest stage of the disease. In this stage, abnormal cells, which may or may not be cancerous, begin to form a tumor in the lining of the pancreas. In stage 1 pancreatic cancer, a cancerous tumor has formed in the pancreas but has not spread beyond the pancreas. In stage 2 pancreatic cancer, the tumor has spread beyond the pancreas. In stage 3 pancreatic cancer, the cancer that began in the pancreas has spread beyond the pancreas to major blood vessels in the area and may have spread to other parts of the body near the pancreas, including the lymph nodes. In stage 4 pancreatic cancer, the cancer that began in the pancreas has spread beyond the pancreas to other parts of the body far from the pancreas, possibly including the lymph nodes.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.