What are the symptoms of primary dysmenorrhea?

Symptoms of primary dysmenorrhea include pulsating abdominal pain, cramps, lower back and leg pain, distended abdomen, and stool change. The symptoms are caused by the high levels of prostaglandins that trigger contractions and cramping that lead to pain in the abdomen and back. 

The extra prostaglandins released during your body's preparation for menstruation can also cause distention or swelling of the abdomen. You may also notice a change in your stool when experiencing primary dysmenorrhea. Some women have constipation, while others have looser stools or diarrhea.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.