What increases my risk for dysmenorrhea?

Diana Meeks
Diana Meeks on behalf of Sigma Nursing
Family Practitioner

Primary dysmenorrhea is painful periods with no underlying gynecological cause. Primary dysmenorrhea is more likely to develop in younger women who have never delivered a baby and usually begins during adolescence. Heavy menstruation also increases your risk for dysmenorrhea; smoking and depression have also been linked to the condition. Secondary dysmenorrhea is caused by an underlying gynecological condition. You are at greater risk for secondary dysmenorrhea if you are older, you have a family history of reproductive problems, a pelvic infection or a sexually transmitted disease.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.