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Can dysmenorrhea be prevented?

Dysmenorrhea, intense pain and cramping caused by menstruation, occurs naturally in many women. Treatment for dysmenorrhea is designed to reduce pain and prevent future occurrences. For example, hormonal contraceptives can lighten menstruation and help prevent future pain. If dysmenorrhea is due to an underlying gynecological disorder such as fibroids or endometriosis, treatment of this disorder will prevent future occurrences.

Both primary and secondary dysmenorrhea cannot be completely prevented, but symptoms may be reduced. Talk to your doctor about taking anti-inflammatory medication one to two days before your period is scheduled to begin to ward off symptoms of primary dysmenorrhea. Exercising often and getting plenty of rest around the time of your period may also decrease the level of discomfort and irritability that accompanies primary dysmenorrhea by increase blood flow and the production of the hormone prostaglandin. Avoiding exposure to sexually transmitted diseases and having good hygiene may prevent certain underlying conditions, like infections.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.