How do anesthetics relieve wound pain?

Topical anesthetics are medications that help to soothe irritated skin. They work by dulling the nerve endings in the skin so that you do not feel the pain or itchiness. Most topical anesthetics are available without prescription in a variety of different forms. These include patches, foams, liquids, swabs, dressings, pads, solutions, creams, gels, kits, sprays, ointments, and lotions. While topical anesthetics help the pain of burns, bites, and scratches, they should not be used on open wounds or large cuts as they may cause infection or further irritation. Many antibiotic ointments are combined with anesthetics to provide both protection against infection and pain relief.

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Pain Treatment

Pain Treatment

Pain treatment varies depending on the severity of an injury or cause of the pain. Analgesics, or pain relievers, may be your first step. Over-the-counter painkillers like ibuprofen and aspirin can treat mild to moderate pain. Str...

onger pain medication may be prescribed after surgery or more severe injuries. For chronic pain that persists, your doctor can help determine the best course of treatment or give you a referral for a pain specialist. Learn more about treating pain with expert advice from Sharecare.
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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.