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Do I need surgery for phantom limb pain?

Surgery is a last-resort option for phantom pain. Sometimes pain can be relieved by re-cutting the nerve endings at the amputation site, particularly if the pain was caused from the previous site becoming irritated. However, as with the first amputation procedure, it's possible that this surgery might result in pain, too. Deep brain stimulation is another form of surgery still being developed in which electrical treatment is directly applied to the areas of the brain that receive the pain sensations. Other techniques being developed include cryoanalgesia (freezing the nerves), motor cortex stimulation (using electrodes on the brain surface to change pain signals), and spinal cord stimulation (blocking pain by applying electrical current to a spot in the spinal cord).

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.