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Can psychological factors determine how much visceral pain I feel?

Although not very much visceral pain is psychological in origin, psychology can have a large impact on how severely certain pain stimuli are experienced. Your current state - how you feel today, what you are thinking about, and what you think about the source of the pain - can make a difference. More entrenched features of your personality, such as influences from your family and culture, along with childhood experiences also affect how you feel pain. Comparison with past experiences of pain can also amplify or mute your present pain.

Roy Huggins
Psychology
Yes, to a certain extent. Psychological factors can affect your nervous system and some aspects of how your body responds to pain.

For example, the perception of danger will engage your fight-or-flight nervous response. If you remain in this state of anxious arousal for a long period, your stomach may start to hurt or muscles may become sore from being clenched, in addition to other possible symptoms. Anxiety is also often felt in the body and may be experienced as feelings of illness, headaches or other somatic ("of the body") phenomena. 

Your level of stress or happiness can affect pain's intensity. Laughing and other behaviors that we do when we're experiencing joyful things can reduce the intensity of pain.

There are also psychosomatic disorders. These are psycholigical disorders that come out as physical issues despite there being nothing apparently wrong in the sufferer's body.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.