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How is neuropathy diagnosed?

Neurologists diagnose neuropathies using sophisticated electrodiagnostic tests that directly study nerve and muscle function. These include:

  • Nerve conduction studies to measure how well signals travel through nerves.
  • Electromyography to measure electrical activity in muscle tissue.
  • Skin punch biopsy to gauge the number of pain- and temperature-sensitive nerves.

The diagnosis of neuropathy is considered when a patient presents with numbness, tingling, burning sensations in the feet or unsteadiness when walking.  The neurologist will then perform an in depth sensory examination and EMG/NCS (electrical study of the nerves and muscles) to confirm the diagnosis.

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