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What are the risk factors of osteoporosis?

Harris H. McIlwain, MD
Rheumatology
Osteoporosis usually does not occur at random. There are several genetic and environmental risk factors. They are as follows:

  • A family history of the disease
  • Race
  • Having a bone fracture after age 40
  • Age
  • Gender
  • Having regular bone-density tests
  • A lack of regular exercise
  • Excessive exercise
  • Low calcium intake
  • Smoking
  • Drinking heavily
  • Certain medications
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