What are the risk factors of osteoporosis?

Harris H. McIlwain, MD
Osteoporosis usually does not occur at random. There are several genetic and environmental risk factors. They are as follows:

  • A family history of the disease
  • Race
  • Having a bone fracture after age 40
  • Age
  • Gender
  • Having regular bone-density tests
  • A lack of regular exercise
  • Excessive exercise
  • Low calcium intake
  • Smoking
  • Drinking heavily
  • Certain medications
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