Is morphine safe for pregnant or breastfeeding women?

Human studies have not been conducted on morphine's safety for pregnant or breastfeeding women. However, studies conducted on pregnant animals show that morphine increased the likelihood of low birth weight, slow development, small brain and decreased sexual maturation.

The FDA has categorized this medication as Class C in relation to its safety for pregnancy. Class C medications generally have shown a negative impact on animals who were pregnant. Morphine does cross the placenta and can cause addiction and withdrawal in newborn babies. Morphine will also pass through breast milk to your child. Therefore, it is best to talk to your doctor about the risks and benefits of taking morphine while pregnant or breastfeeding.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.