What can I do to avoid oligomenorrhea?

Patricia Geraghty, NP
Women's Health

The personal changes that you make to prevent oligomenorrhea, infrequent menses, depend on your underlying metabolic risks. In women with tendencies toward PCOS, increased activity and careful management of calorie intake to avoid weight gain or to lose weight are critical. For some women the opposite is true. Women with high levels of activity that are not supported by their calorie intake, Female Athlete Triad, need to manage their activity level and possibly increase their calorie intake. Your healthcare provider can work with you to determine your best plan of action.

Dr. Shelley C. Giebel, MD
OBGYN (Obstetrician & Gynecologist)

Oligomenorrhea can also be caused by excess weight. Estrogen is produced in fat cells. The normal estrogen balance in the body is disrupted and ovulation (release of the egg) monthly is upset.

Weight loss can sometimes result in resumption of normal menstrual cycles, just another reason to shed those extra pounds!

Oligomenorrhea occurs in a lot of young women beginning their periods and in pre-menopausal women. Polycystic ovary syndrome is strongly influenced by genetics. These causes cannot usually be prevented. However, oligomenorrhea that results from extreme diets, strenuous exercise and obesity can be prevented by eating healthy and not overexerting your body.

To avoid oligomenorrhea, do not go on any extreme diets and limit your exercise to a healthy amount. These can both cause problems with your menstrual system. If you show symptoms of polycystic ovary syndrome or tumors, go to the doctor to seek treatment.

Continue Learning about Oligomenorrhea



Oligomenorrhea is a condition where a woman experiences irregular menstrual cycles. If you have oligomenorrhea, you may not experience a period every month. Rather, your periods will come at unpredictable times, perhaps only a few ...

times a year. This can sometimes be caused when a pituitary tumor causes estrogen levels to decrease and prolactin levels to rise. Or you may develop this condition as a side effect of polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS). With PCOS, your ovaries and/or adrenal glands produce an overload of androgens, which interferes with normal ovulation, leading to oligomenorrhea.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.