What is sodium hydrogen carbonate?

Sodium hydrogen carbonate is the same chemical as sodium bicarbonate, or common baking soda. When used for medicinal purposes, sodium hydrogen carbonate is a generic prescription medical compound given by intravenous injection with a syringe. Its function is to balance the electrolytes in the body's fluids when there is too much acid present. This is a serious condition called metabolic acidosis. There are many conditions that can lead to metabolic acidosis, including: overdoses of aspirin, barbiturates or alcohol; uncontrolled diabetes; renal disease; severe diarrhea; dehydration; cardiac arrest; and shock. Treatment with sodium hydrogen carbonate for injection can counteract the acid in the body, but it does not replace treatment for the underlying disease that led to too much acid in the body fluids.

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