How does medical nutrition work?

Angela Lemond
Nutrition & Dietetics
Medical Nutrition Therapy (MNT) provided by registered dietitians (RDs) is a plan of care that focuses on the assessment, nutrition diagnosis, treatment plan, evaluation and continued monitoring of a patient/client. It involves the RD recommending a customized plan of food therapy that improves health outcomes and in many cases decreases the need for medications.

MNT has been shown to improve the health and quality of life for individuals with health issues such as diabetes, kidney disease, cardiovascular diseases and pulmonary disease.

One example of medical nutrition therapy would be recommending soluble fiber to achieve moderate decreases in LDL or "bad" cholesterol. Another example would be using the DASH (Dietary Approaches to Stopping Hypertension) diet to decrease blood pressure. The DASH plan contains foods low in sodium and high in potassium, magnesium and calcium. A decreased intake of sodium and an increased intake of these specific minerals have been shown to help regulate fluid and help mediate the blood pressure in an individual. There are many other documented ways that food therapy can improve health.

For a customized MNT plan, visit a registered dietitian. You can find an RD in your area by going to 

Continue Learning about Nutrition



Eating a variety of foods each day that are low in fat and calories ensures you get proper nutrition and nutrients like folate, magnesium and iron. Calcium, fiber, potassium and selenium are other nutrients essential for wellness, ...

growth, development, cell repair and disease prevention. Colorful foods, such as fruits and vegetables, are often the richest sources of nutrients. Taking a multivitamin once daily is a good way to supplement your diet.

Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.