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How does stage 4 non-Hodgkin lymphoma affect the body?

The most distinctive way that stage 4 non-Hodgkin lymphoma affects the body is that the overproduction of lymphocytes causes a swelling of lymph nodes in the affected regions of the body. With stage 4, other parts of the body experience build-up of cancerous lymphocyte tumors as well. Although the swelling is painless, depending on the location of the tumors it can cause the lungs or abdomen to be constricted, causing a shortness of breath and a cough or loss of appetite, digestive problems, and swollen legs, respectively. If the cancerous lymphocytes are concentrated in the bloodstream, they can cause symptoms such as bruising, dark, itchy areas of the skin, and fatigue, all similar to anemia, a lack of red blood cells.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.