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What is the association between migraines and trigeminal neuralgia?

There’s not a direct biological comparison as far as we know between migraines and trigeminal neuralgia. Migraine headaches don’t cause trigeminal neuralgia and vice versa. However, it certainly is possible for patients with trigeminal neuralgia and severe facial pain to experience headaches as well. Those are secondary headaches that are a result of the severe facial pain.

Migraine headaches are a separate disorder that involves the blood vessels and other structures involving the brain. The typical migraine headache is differentiated because it’s a pounding headache often associated with nausea and vomiting and sometimes associated with other neurological symptoms, like flashing lights or hazy vision off to one side. The two really are different.

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Trigeminal neuralgia is severe pain caused by compression of a nerve.
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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.