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What is congenital myotonic dystrophy?

Congenital myotonic dystrophy is a severe form of muscular dystrophy that affects muscle function beginning in very early childhood. In children with congenital myotonic dystrophy, genes for muscle function are damaged, resulting in muscle weakness, respiratory problems, cognitive disabilities, and problems with speech, hearing and vision. Generally, congenital myotonic dystrophy affects voluntary and involuntary muscles involved in breathing, facial muscles, and general muscle tone throughout the body. The symptoms and degree of progression for congenital myotonic dystrophy vary greatly depending on each child's individual condition, but in general, congenital myotonic dystrophy is a serious condition that requires very early treatment.

Continue Learning about Muscular Dystrophy

How many people are affected with muscular dystrophy (MD)?
Riverside Center for NeurosciencesRiverside Center for Neurosciences
Muscular dystrophy (MD) occurs worldwide, affecting all races. Its incidence varies, as some forms a...
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How does muscular dystrophy (MD) affect muscles?
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Muscles are made up of thousands of muscle fibers. Each fiber is actually a number of individual cel...
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What do I need to know about caring for someone with muscular dystrophy?
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When caring for someone with muscular dystrophy, it's important to remember that the disease impacts...
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How quickly does muscular dystrophy progress?
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The symptoms of all types of muscular dystrophy progress and worsen over time, but the progression d...
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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.