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What is congenital myotonic dystrophy?

Congenital myotonic dystrophy is a severe form of muscular dystrophy that affects muscle function beginning in very early childhood. In children with congenital myotonic dystrophy, genes for muscle function are damaged, resulting in muscle weakness, respiratory problems, cognitive disabilities, and problems with speech, hearing and vision. Generally, congenital myotonic dystrophy affects voluntary and involuntary muscles involved in breathing, facial muscles, and general muscle tone throughout the body. The symptoms and degree of progression for congenital myotonic dystrophy vary greatly depending on each child's individual condition, but in general, congenital myotonic dystrophy is a serious condition that requires very early treatment.

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