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How does congenital myotonic dystrophy affect the body?

Congenital myotonic dystrophy can affect the body in a variety of ways. Congenital myotonic dystrophy is caused by a genetic mutation that affects proteins in muscle cells. The genetic problems lead to muscle weakness that develops very early in childhood. Babies with the disease have a "floppy" appearance due to lack of muscle tone. This muscle weakness can also cause problems with breathing and swallowing. It can also affect muscles in the brain, causing cognitive disabilities. Muscle weakness in the throat, brain, and eyes can cause difficulties with speech, hearing, and vision.

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