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How does penicillamine treat Wilson's disease?

Wilson's disease is a rare genetic disorder where the body fails to properly metabolize copper. Normally, the liver filters copper out of the bloodstream, releasing it in bile, which flows out of the body via the intestinal tract. In Wilson's disease, the liver fails to properly release the copper, leading to a dangerous buildup. When copper storage is exceeded in the liver, it can build up in other organs, and over time cause life-threatening damage to the brain, eyes and kidneys. Penicillamine is a chelating agent that is used to treat Wilson's disease. Penicillamine binds to accumulated copper. It is filtered through the kidneys and removed from the body via urine.

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