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How does Allopurinol treat gout?

Uric acid typically dissolves in your blood and passes through your kidneys into urine. If too much uric acid is produced, it can build up in your blood, forming urate crystals. Gout is a form of arthritis caused by the accumulation of urate crystals in the joints, leading to inflammation and sudden, severe attacks of pain. One way to treat gout is to reduce the amount of uric acid in your blood. Allopurinol is a type of medication known as a xanthine oxidase inhibitor, which works by blocking uric acid production. If taken regularly, allopurinol can prevent future gout attacks.

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