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How are tendon injuries treated?

Fernando Manalac, MD
Sports Medicine
In the not-so-long-ago past, treatment plans for tendon injuries were very limited: Rest, ice, compression and elevation (RICE) were, and still are, the best initial therapeutics.

Nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDS) and other medications and modalities are also used to reduce inflammation and can be very beneficial. Prescription medications and cortisone injections may have a limited role in persistent tendon pain or inflammation. However, nothing has been shown to be more effective than eccentric (stretching or lengthening) exercise in physical therapy at repairing damaged tendons. Surgery may be required in the case of complete tears.

Orthobiologic injections, such as platelet-rich plasma and mesenchymal stem cells, and minimally invasive techniques, such as percutaneous tenotomy, are revolutionizing the advanced treatment of tendinopathy.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.