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How is primary-progressive multiple sclerosis diagnosed?

Diagnosing primary-progressive multiple sclerosis (PPMS) isn't easy. Your doctor will most likely begin by inquiring about your symptoms and medical history in depth. In order to get the most accurate information, they may need to speak with several of your family members as well. This will be followed by several tests. The most important of which are MRIs, which stand for magnetic resonance imaging. An MRI of your brain and spinal cord can be used to find lesions typically found in multiple sclerosis patients. In some cases, a spinal tap may be necessary as well. Even if all the tests come up positive for multiple sclerosis, your doctor may need to rule out several other conditions before making a clear diagnosis. On top of all that, the disease will need to progress for a year without a specific attack in order for your doctor to confidently diagnose your multiple sclerosis as PPMS.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.