Why do sex hormones estrogen or progesterone affect the gums and teeth?

Researchers don't know exactly how the hormones estrogen and progesterone affect gums. Although this relationship is not well understood, researchers have documented changes in gum sensitivity, inflammation, and a higher risk of periodontal disease during hormonal changes in a woman's life. These include puberty, menstruation, the use of birth control pills, pregnancy and childbirth, menopause, and trying to find the optimal dose of estrogen replacement. Good oral health care practices, routine dentist visits, and a good diet can help prevent any increased risk of periodontal disease from hormonal fluctuations. Some research suggests that estrogen supplements might slow the progression of periodontal disease.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.