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What are natural ways to prevent migraines?

Multiple studies have shown improvement in migraine symptoms with natural therapies such as vitamin supplements, meditation, biofeedback, massage therapy and acupuncture. The supplements feverfew and butterbur taken daily have been shown to reduce migraine frequency by up to 50%. Taking a combination of magnesium, riboflavin and coenzyme Q-10 can also produce a similar effect. Practicing the art of meditation or biofeedback allows one to reduce stress levels, which can be a migraine trigger, and enhances the mind-body connection. Massage therapy and acupuncture are similar therapies for migraine prevention.  
The following things may help reduce or prevent migraines:

Magnesium inhibits inflammation in blood vessels and is proved to reduce migraine frequency. During the acute phase of attacks, 50% of migraine sufferers have lowered levels of magnesium. However, x and y are possible side effects.

Riboflavin (vitamin B2) appears to be a safe, low-cost, effective treatment for preventing migraine attacks. It reduces the frequency of migraine attacks with minimal side effects, including diarrhea and increased urination.

Ginger (Zingiber officinale) may decrease the severity and frequency of headache symptoms. It may prove to be beneficial due to its ability to inhibit inflammation in blood vessels. When taken after the onset of a migraine attack, ginger offers some relief of symptoms. Ginger may also reduce nausea. Individuals with gallstones should not use ginger supplements. Be aware that the safety of ginger supplements in pregnancy has not been established.

Feverfew (Tanacetum parthenium) is an herb with proven effectiveness in decreasing migraine frequency. It acts as both a serotonin antagonist (inhibits the inflammation of blood vessels that is associated with migraines) and a histamine antagonist (prevents the release of inflammatory substances that may be involved in migraine pain signaling). This herb also inhibits the synthesis of prostaglandins, compounds implicated in inflammatory responses. Feverfew may significantly reduce the nausea and vomiting that accompany migraine attacks. Note that possible side effects of feverfew are gastrointestinal ulceration and withdrawal symptoms when its use is discontinued. Withdrawal symptoms may include sleep disturbances, headaches, and muscle pain. Feverfew should not be used during pregnancy and nursing or by patients using blood-thinning(anticoagulant) medications.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.