Who typically has metabolic syndrome?

Daniel R. Spogen, MD
Family Medicine

Metabolic syndrome is a syndrome of insulin resistance. Obesity is known to promote insulin resistance, although not all insulin resistant individuals are overweight. Some people, who are not recognized as obese by established criteria, may still have insulin resistance. Many of these patient's, however, have fat distributions characterized by upper body fat. Upper body obesity is more strongly correlated to insulin resistance than lower body obesity. This may be related to higher levels of lipid accumulation in the muscles and liver of patient's with upper body obesity.

Joanne Duncan-Carnesciali, CPT,NASM Elite Trainer
Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation
Metabolic syndrome is characterised by a constellation of cardiovascular risk factors such as abdominal adiposity, elevated triglyceride levels and elevated blood pressure.

Based on the NCEP ATP II Guidlines, the diagnosis of metabolic syndrome is made when at least three cardiovascular risk factors are present. 

In 2005 The International Diabetes Foundation proposed a new definition for metabolic syndrome that is based on the presence of abdominal adiposity in two addition cardiovascular risk factors.

Continue Learning about Metabolic Syndrome X Causes & Risk Factors

Does metabolic syndrome X run in families?
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Is the risk for metabolic syndrome X greater for men?
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