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What are the treatment options for hyperkalemia?

In cases of mild hyperkalemia, an individual should stop taking any medications that impair kidney function, as well as reduce dietary and supplemental potassium. In more severe cases, hospitalization may be necessary to monitor the individual for cardiac arrest. Treatment will be aimed at protecting the body from the effects of high levels of potassium in the blood by giving dialysis; diuretics (water pills); medication that binds with potassium so it can pass from the body; and intravenous calcium for protecting the muscles, especially the heart. Glucose (sugar) and insulin are given to lower potassium levels in the blood by moving it into the cells. If acidosis caused the hyperkalemia, soda bicarbonate is given to neutralize the acid in the body fluids. When the hyperkalemia is no longer at crisis levels, the doctor will search for the cause of the condition.

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Important: This content reflects information from various individuals and organizations and may offer alternative or opposing points of view. It should not be used for medical advice, diagnosis or treatment. As always, you should consult with your healthcare provider about your specific health needs.